Cartier, who was a respectable mariner, improved his social status in by marrying Mary Catherine des Granches, member of a leading family. The king had previously invited although not formally commissioned the Florentine explorer Giovanni da Verrazzano to explore the eastern coast of North America on behalf of France in
Biography Jacques Cartier Facts Jacques CartierFrench explorer and navigator, may truly be said to have discovered Canada. His voyages were the key to the cartography of the Gulf of St.
Lawrence, and he named the land around it "Canada. In April Cartier set out in two ships to discover, if he could, "certain islands and lands where it is said that a great quantity of gold and other precious things are to be found.
It says much about Cartier's skill as navigator as well as about 16th-century navigation that his calculation of the latitude of Cape Bonavista, Newfoundland, was only about 11 miles off its true latitude. It is clear from his account that French and Portuguese fishermen had frequented these coasts for some time past.
It is altogether probable that western European fishermen had been fishing around Newfoundland well before even John Cabot's voyage of Cartier disliked the inhospitable look of the land on the south coast of Labrador and turned southward along the west coast of Newfoundland, crossed the Gulf of St.
After exploring Anticosti Island in the St. Lawrence estuary but, because of bad weather, missing the St. Almost at once he was recommissioned by Francis I for a more imposing expedition inthis time with three ships, including the Grande Hermine.
Lawrence where he had left off the year before. Using information gained from natives, he went up the great river, nothing how the water turned gradually from salt to fresh, and arrived at the site of the Iroquois village of Stadacona modern Quebec City early in September Peter, and made the rest of his way to the native village of Hochelaga modern Montreal by longboat.
From the top of this hill he could see the rapids, later to be called Lachine, that blocked further navigation westward. Cartier spent the winter of back at Stadacona, where his men had built a primitive fort.
It was a cold winter even by Canadian standards. From mid-November until mid-April Cartier's ships were icebound. Worse still was scurvy, brought on by absence of fresh fruit and vegetables-basically the lack of vitamin C.
Of Cartier's men, only 10 were still well by Februaryand 25 men eventually died. The the native peoples had a remedy for scurvy which Cartier learned about just in time: Cartier returned to France in May and took 10 Indians including 4 children with him, promising to bring them back to Canada on his next voyage.
However, all but one of them had died by the time the next expedition got under way in Cartier left before Roberval, who was waiting for his guns, and arrived in August at Stadacona.
This time Cartier set up camp a few miles above Stadacona, wintered more comfortably than before, and, finding no sign of Roberval in the spring, set off for France in June John's harbor, Newfoundland, Cartier met Roberval, who ordered him to return to Quebec.
For a variety of reasons, some of them related doubtless to deteriorating relations with the native population, Cartier preferred not to return and slipped away for France under the cover of darkness. He settled down at a country estate not far from Saint-Malo.
In he had married Catherine des Granches, but they had no children. Cartier died on Sept.
Further Reading on Jacques Cartier H. The Northern Voyagesa readable and well-documented study.Jacques Cartier Biography - Facts, Birthday, Life Story - skybox2008.com "rench navigator Jacques Cartier was born on December 31, in Saint-Malon, France, and was sent by King Francis I to the New World in search of riches and a .
French explorer Jacques Cartier is known chiefly for exploring the St. Lawrence River and giving Canada its name. Synopsis French navigator Jacques Cartier was born on December 31, , in Saint-Malo, Brittany, France, and was sent by King Francis I to the New World in search of riches and a new route to Asia in French navigator and explorer credited with naming Canada, exploring the St.
Lawrence River, and Canadian areas that would become French territory Biography Early Life Jacques Cartier was born on December 31, in Saint-Malo, a port town of Brittany, Saint-Malo was a fishing town in northern France.
3 So young Jacques probably.
French navigator and explorer: Known for: Early life. Jacques Cartier was born in in Saint-Malo, On October 17, , Francis ordered the navigator Jacques Cartier to return to Canada to lend weight to a colonization project of which he would be "captain general".Died: September 1, (aged 65), St.
Malo, Kingdom of France. Jacques Cartier is a well-known British explorer who was born on the French seaport of Saint- Malo, there was not a lot documented on Cartier’s’ early life before he made his great discoveries. He is one of the most highly respected sailor, and navigator of his time his voyages left a mark on the world.
Jacques Cartier Jacques Cartier was born on December 31, in the port of Saint Malo, Brittany. He belonged to a family of mariners and became very respectable when he married Mary Catherine des Granches, a member of a family of well-known ship owners.