The present work seeks to bring literary theory in line with the most recent practical turn the humanities are witnessing. When simplified, succinctly presented, and skillfully used in multi-coded interpretation within a semiocritical framework, literary theories become practical exercises in criticism, not only facilitating the interpretation of literature, but also making it more enjoyable and more rewarding.
Everything that people communicate to others through utterances always has an intention. It can be giving information, asking information, and also asking for help.
In linguistics, utterances which have something to do with others and require them to do what the speaker says are called speech act. In many aspects of life, speech acts can surely always be found.
Library research enables the writer to analyze library materials collection without doing a field research Zed,p. Drama play is used in this study because it reflects every day conversation in which speech acts always occur. The result of this study shows that the most used speech act type is as many as 22 They can express it through actions or even only utterances.
Through utterances they can find someone to help them to get what they want. The utterances they produce do not only contain grammatical structures and words, but also perform actions. For example we can use language to give orders, warnings, advice, or even to make request.
These actions performed via utterances are called speech act. Austin developed three kinds of acts which occur with any sentence or utterance, they are Locutionary Act, Illocutionary Act and Perlocutionary Act.
Locutionary Act refers to the literal meaning of the sentence. Illocutionary Act refers to the intention of the utterances the speaker said. Perlocutionary Act refers to the effect of the utterances said by the speaker on the actions or thoughts of the other person. Classification of Illocutionary Speech Acts The concept of an illocutionary act is central to the concept of a speech act.
Searle has set up the some classifications of illocutionary speech acts: Representatives They refer to the kinds of speech acts that state the truth of the expressed proposition by the speaker.
They include statements of fact, assertions, conclusions, and descriptions. Directives They refer to the kinds of speech acts that cause the hearer to take a particular action.
They include commands, orders, requests, suggestion, and so on. They express what the speaker intends.
They include promises, oaths, threats, pledges, and refusal. Expressive They refer to the kinds of speech acts that express the feeling of the speaker. They include congratulations, excuses and thanks.
Declarations They refer to the kinds of speech acts that change the reality in accord with the proposition of the declaration.
However, the speaker must have a special institutional role in a specific context in order to perform the declaration appropriately. They include baptisms, pronouncing someone guilty or pronouncing someone husband and wife, and so on.
Based on structures sentences can be classified into three, Declaratives sentence, Interrogative sentence, and Imperative sentence. Declarative sentence is a sentence in which the subject precedes the finite. Interrogative sentence is a sentence in which the finite precedes the subject.
Imperative sentence is a sentence which is preceded with finite. Based on the functions, sentences can be classified into three, Statement, Question and Command. Statement is a sentence which is primarily used to convey information. Question is a sentence which is primarily used to elicit information.
Command is a sentence which is primarily used to tell someone to do something. A sentence which means exactly the same as the literal meaning of what speakers say is direct speech act.
However, when people intend something which is quite different from literal meaning of what they say, indirect speech act is produced. Command Could you take out the Structure: Interrogative Request Indirect garbage?
Imperative Please take out the garbage Request Direct Function: Command Drama Play Drama play commonly reflects daily life conversation.Basics of English Studies: An introductory course for students of literary studies in English.
Developed at the English departments of the Universities of Tübingen, Stuttgart and Freiburg 3. Drama introduction to the analysis of drama is largely based on the idea that plays.
the theory and analysis of drama Download the theory and analysis of drama or read online books in PDF, EPUB, Tuebl, and Mobi Format. Click Download or Read Online button to get the theory and analysis of drama book now.
This site is like a library, Use search box . The analysis now concerns itself with one more theme, i. e., the study of individual characters. Of these there are two great types, - the Jew and the wife.
The antithesis of the Jew is Antonio, who serves in the drama to personify Christianity as exemplified in the business world. Published: Mon, 5 Dec Rumba is the most sensual and most romantic of all Latin dances. It’s a dance that tells a story about love and affection between a male lover and a bashful teasing woman.
Analysis of The Crucible as an American tragedy with John Proctor as an American tragic hero. Pretend that you are a playwright who has a keen interest in history. Tonight is the night that your writers' group meets to discuss individual projects. First produced and published in , this Pulitzer Prize–winning drama of life in the small village of Grover’s Corners has become an American classic and is Thornton Wilder’s most renowned and most frequently performed play.