Their time represented a scientific, cultural and religious flowering. Their major city and capital Baghdad began to flourish as a center of knowledge, culture and trade.
The order further enjoined him to arrange himself and his troops in such a manner, so as to have the plains of Persia in front and the hills of Arabia in the rear. In this way, he might advance as far as he chose in case of victory, and take refuge by retreating to the hills in case of defeat.
News began to pour into the Persian capital that the Arabian army was encamped in Qadisiyah and they had ravaged the surrounding areas of the Euphrates. The Persian leader, Rustom, marched up to Sabat where he was joined by forces from almost every part of the country in such great numbers that, in a short time, the Persian army numbered nearlymen.
It was not only a well-equipped army, but also showed a rage and enthusiasm against the Islamic forces. Armed with war equipment and weapons on such a massive scale, Rustam marched from Sabat and camped at Kutha.
Now the distance between the Persian and the Muslim armies was much closer. Rustam ordered preparations for a decisive battle. He ordered a bridge to be constructed over a canal that separated the armies, and it was completed within a short period.
Thus, the large and strong Persian army moved across the bridge and battle lines were drawn up. Rustam launched an all-out assault on the Muslim troops, and by way of a war strategy, combat elephants were set off to attack the Muslim ranks.
The Bujaylah tribe obstructed them at the cost of heavy casualties. However, when they too showed signs of reverses, the warriors of Banu Kindah took the field and made such a heavy charge that the Persians were forced to retreat.
In view of constant retreat and repulses, Rustam ordered a joint attack. It looked as if two oceans or mountains had collided with each other.
When the rival forces were in the thick of battle, the Persian elephants began to cause heavy casualties on the Muslim side.
As a result, the elephants retreated leaving the Muslim swordsmen to display their bravery. After a daylong battle, night intervened to stop it until the next day. After fierce fighting that lasted for three days, all the tribes rose as one man to charge forcefully at the enemy.
However, on being wounded he took to his heels. But Hilal bin Ulafah chased him and hit him so powerfully with his spear that his hip was broken and he fell down in a nearby canal.
Hilal dismounted from his horse at once, pulled him out by his legs and put him to death. They fled the battlefield.
About Muslims were honored with martyrdom. Conquest of the Persian capital After their flight from Qadisiyah, the Persians quartered themselves at Babylon. A number of renowned generals prepared themselves for battle again. The fugitives of the battle of Qadisiyah were also collected and encouraged to avenge their defeat.
He then charged right into the surging water of the Tigris. Others also followed suit and rushed their horses into the river. The river was deep and fast moving but the turbulent conditions could not affect the resolute and undaunted spirits of the Muslim army.
The waves slammed furiously against the sides of the horses, but the horsemen steered their course calmly and in perfect order. When the cavalry was halfway across the river, the Persian archers began to shoot arrows at the Muslim troops but in vain.
The Muslim fighters crossed the river by force and put the opposing force to death. The Muslim troops began to enter the city from different directions. And crops and noble sites.
And comfort wherein they were amused. And we caused to inherit it another people. In the palace of Kisra Chosroesa pulpit was set up in place of the royal throne and the Friday prayer was performed there.
This was the first Friday prayer that was performed in the Persian capital. Thus, the Muslims captured all the Persian land and the empire of Magians became extinct.Caliphate of Umar II; Caliphate of Umar II.
Words Jul 22nd, 7 Pages. Umar Ibn 'Abdul Aziz 'Umar Ibn 'Abdul Aziz was born in the year 63 Hijrah. His father 'Abdul-Aziz was the appointed Wali of Egypt and when 'Umar was young he sent him to AlMadinah to be raised in an Islamic environment.
So he went, memorised the.
This essay, “The Believer,” was first published on the Brookings Institution site. Ibrahim Al-Badri was born in in Samarra, an ancient Iraqi city on the eastern edge of the Sunni Triangle.
As a follow-up to Tuesday’s post about the majority-minority public schools in Oslo, the following brief account reports the latest statistics on the cultural enrichment of schools in Austria.
Vienna is the most fully enriched location, and seems to be in roughly the same situation as Oslo. Many thanks to Hermes for the translation from skybox2008.com He is sometimes referred to as Umar I by historians of Islam, since a later Umayyad caliph, Umar II, also bore that name.
History of Omar book Under Umar, the caliphate expanded at an unprecedented rate, ruling the Sasanian Empire and more than two-thirds of the Byzantine Empire.
. 'Umar came to know of these fresh developments in the month of Thul-Qi'dah in Al-Madeenah. He issued prompt orders for Muthanna bin Harithah together with all the troops to fall back towards the frontiers of Arabia. He summoned the tribes of Rabee'ah and Mudhar that were scattered throughout Iraq.
Waman skybox2008.com llâhu famâ lahu min hâdin. And whom God leads astray, there is for him no right guide. 'al-Qur'ân, Sûrah 39, Verse Islâm,, is the religion founded by the Prophet skybox2008.com word is sometimes said to mean "peace," but it is salâm,, that is the word for peace.
Islâm means "submission, resignation," i.e. to the will of God.. Both are from the same root, slm,, "to.