Posthumous style Blessed At the outset, he had to reckon with the presence of the powerful antipope Clement III— in Rome ; but a series of well-attended synods held in Rome, Amalfi, Benevento, and Troia supported him in renewed declarations against simony, lay investiture, and clerical marriages, and a continued opposition to Emperor Henry IV — On the one hand, Urban II tried to strengthen the temporal authority of the Church. He also tried to raise standards of clerical conduct and to make personal spirituality a dominant concern. He was archdeacon of Rheims when, under the influence of his teacher Bruno of Cologne, he resigned and entered the monastery of Cluny where he rose to be prior.
He called the First Crusade. The principal aim of the Council of Clermont was to discuss this Crusade.
Urban II preaches the Crusade at the Council of Clermont The people were eager for the announced expedition and finally the Pope attended to their impatient requests. He sat upon the throne that had been prepared specially for that occasion. At his side was Peter the Hermit. Below him was an enormous multitude: Cardinals, Abbots, priests, monks, knights and the people.
After the speech of Peter, who described what he had seen in Jerusalem, Urban II addressed the crowd with these words: They have already committed many outrages: Are these facts not sufficient to upset the serenity of your faces?
Go, soldiers, and your fame will spread over the entire world. Do not fear to lose the Kingdom of God because of the tribulation brought by war. If you will fall prisoner to the enemy, face the worse torments for your Faith and you will save your souls at the same moment you will lose your bodies.
Do not hesitate, most dear brethren, to offer your lives for the good of your neighbor. Do not hesitate to go because of love for your family, your country, or your riches, since man owes his love principally to God. You will have the greatest happiness one can have in his life, which is to see the places where Our Lord spoke the language of men.
Let this be, then, your war-cry to announce the power of the God of Hosts. Let you, then, bear the cross upon your sword or your breast, on your weapons and standards.
Let it be for you either the sign of victory or the palm of martyrdom, and also the symbol to unify the dispersed children of Israel. It will continuously remind you that Jesus Christ died for you and that for Him you should die.About Pope Urban II: Urban studied at Soissons and then at Reims, where he became archdeacon, before becoming a monk and retiring to Cluny.
There he became prior, and after only a few years was sent to Rome to assist Pope Gregory VII in his attempts at reform. He proved invaluable to the pope, and was made a Cardinal and served as a papal legate. As a result, although Clement III continued to be the Pope in Rome, the practical Papal authority lay with Urban II.
Despite this, Clement II continued his claim to the title of Pope all the way until However, by this time, Urban had helped launch the First Crusade and was immensely popular. An experimental comedy show about the nightmarish life and brutal death of Pope Urban II.
Born a runt, Urban II lived with a wasting disease of the body and spirit that has been eradicated by modern medicine.
Pope Urban II Biography Urban II, né Otho of Lagery (or Otto or Odo) (d. July 29, ), pope from to July 29, , was born of knightly rank, at Lagery (near Châtillon-sur-Marne) and was educated for the church.
Pope Urban II ( – July 29, ) born Otho of Lagery (alternatively: Otto or Odo), was Pope from to July 29, He is most known for starting the First Crusade (–) and setting up the modern day Roman Curia, in the manner of a royal court, to help run the Church. Pope Urban II and Political Diplomacy Pope Gregory VII’s reforms had been rather unpopular with the European nobility.
Urban II was an ardent and firm supporter of these reforms but at the same time, he maintained a close and cordial relation with different European monarchs.